PENGAJARAN SASTRA BERBASIS EXPERIENCE LEARNING

Suwardi Endraswara

Abstract


Tulisan ini bermaksud memberikan pemahaman terhadap pembelajaran sastra gaya
baru. Pembelajaran yang inovatif ditandai oleh perubahan paradigma, yang semula
menekankan hafalan, berubah ke arah pemberian pengalaman hidup. Pengajaran sastra yang
mendewakan guru sebagai superior, sudah tidak saatnya lagi. Guru dan siswa sudah saatnya
mengubah diri ke arah sharing pengalaman hidup. Pengajaran sastra berbasis pengalaman
bertujuan memberikan warna baru agar sastra tetap dihargai oleh siswa. Sastra adalah karya
yang memuat aneka pengalaman. Oleh sebab itu, dalam pembelajaran diharapkan ada kontak
atau komunikasi intensif. Komunikasi sastra tersebut terjadi ketika siswa mampu menafsirkan
dan menimba pengalaman. Itulah salah satu bentuk pengalaman yang menggoda dalam
pembelajaran sastra. Perubahan kultur pembelajaran teoritik kea rah pemberian pengalaman
akan dapat menjajdi jembatan penyemaian pendidikan karakter lewat cipta sastra.

Kata kunci: pembelajaran, pengalaman, dan hidup


The paper is to give overviewes on new literary teaching style. The innovative
learning is noted by the changing paradigm from giving strengths on memorizing to life
experience. Liteary teaching which put the teacher as a superior, is out dated. Teacher and
students are now changing to share life experiences. Excperience based literary teaching is
aimed at giving a new horizon to sustain the life of literary teaching in order to be respected.
Literature is a work which comprises various kinds of experiences. Therefore, in the process
of learning and teaching, it is hoped that there is an intensive communication between
teacher and students. Literary communication happens when students are able to interpret
and to live the experience. That is one of the enchanting experiences in literary teaching. The
changing paradigm from theoretical learning and teaching to sharing experience will be able
to bridge the gap in character building of education through literary experiencing.

Keywords: learning, experience, life

Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Jurnal Online Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni (FBS) Gedung T2, Universitas Negeri Surabaya Kampus UNESA Lidah Wetan Surabaya 60213 Telp/Fax : 031-7522876 Website : http://ejournal.fbs.unesa.ac.id/ Email : jurnalparamasastra@fbs.unesa.ac.id