PRINSIP KERJA SAMA DALAM PERCAKAPAN BERBAHASA INGGRIS DI RADIO

Suko Winarsih

Abstract


Studi ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan prinsip kerja sama dalam percakapan
berbahasa Inggris melalui telepon di radio Mas FM. Penelitian ini menginvestigasi dua
masalah, yaitu (1) rentang penggunaan prinsip kerja sama, dan (2) tujuan si penutur dalam
ranah tindak ilokusi. Prinsip kerja sama mempunyai empat maksim, kuantitas, kualitas,
hubungan, dan cara. Tindak ilokusi mempunyai empat fungsi: bersaing, beramah tamah,
berkolaborasi, dan bertentangan. Desain penelitian adalah kualitatif. Subjek penelitian adalah
para partisipan tutur: presenter, tamu di studio, dan pendengar. Hasil analisis data
menunjukkan bahwa secara umum keempat maksim dalam prinsip kerja sama diaplikasikan
oleh partisipan tutur. Tindak tutur yang diaplikasikan oleh para parisipan tutur adalah fungsi
bersaing, beramah tamah, dan berkolaborasi. Sedangkan fungsi bertentangan tidak
diaplikasikan oleh para partisipan tutur.

Kata kunci: maksim, partisipan tutur, dan tindak ilokusi,


The study is to describe the cooperative princples found in English conversation via
telephone in Mas FM Radio. The study investigates two problems (1) the range of the use of
cooperative principles, (2) the goal of the speakers in carrying out the illocutionary act.
Cooperative principle has four maxims: quantity, quality, relation, and manner. Illocutionary
act has four functions: to compete, to be friendly, to collaborate, and to confront. The design
of the research is qualitative. The subjects of the research are the participants: presenter,
guests in studio, and audience. The result of the analysis shows that, generally the four
maxims in cooperative principles have been applied by the participants in their conversations.
The speech acts which are carried out by the participants are competing function, being
friendly, and collaborating. On the other hand, the confronting function was not applied by
the participants.

Keywords: maxims, participants, and illocutionary act

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